PENGETAHUAN UMUM BERKENAAN KENCING MANIS DAN TINDAKAN YANG PERLU DI LAKUKAN OLEH SEMUA ORANG DI MALAYSIA.
Diabetes Action Now, an initiative of the World Health Organization and the International Diabetes Federation
“The world is facing a growing diabetes epidemic of potentially devastating proportions. Its impact will be felt most severely in developing countries. The World Health Organization and the International Diabetes Federation are working together to support ongoing initiatives to prevent and manage diabetes and its complications, and to ensure the best quality of life possible for people with diabetes worldwide. Together we are helping to provide countries with the means to face the challenges that lie ahead. It is time for “Diabetes Action Now”.
Dr Robert Beaglehole, World Health Organization
What is diabetes?
Diabetes is a chronic condition that occurs when the pancreas does not produce enough insulin or when the body cannot effectively use the insulin it produces. Hyperglycaemia and other related disturbances in the body’s metabolism can lead to serious damage to many of the body’s systems, especially the nerves and blood vessels.
There are two basic forms of diabetes: Type 1: people with this type of diabetes produce very little or no insulin. Type 2: people with this type of diabetes cannot use insulin effectively. Most people with diabetes have type 2.
A third type of diabetes, gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), develops during some cases of pregnancy but usually disappears after pregnancy.
People with type 1 diabetes require daily injections of insulin to survive. People with type 2 diabetes can sometimes manage their condition with lifestyle measures alone, but oral drugs are often required, and less frequently insulin, in order to achieve good metabolic control.
Common symptoms of type 1 diabetes include: excessive thirst; constant hunger; excessive urination; weight loss for no reason; rapid, hard breathing; vision changes; drowsiness or exhaustion. These symptoms may occur suddenly.
People with type 2 diabetes may have similar, but less obvious, symptoms. Many have no symptoms and are only diagnosed after many years of onset. As a consequence, almost half of all people with type 2 diabetes are not aware that they have this life-threatening condition.
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